Understanding Anxiety Disorders: What They Are and How To Find Help

Kathrin Gloeckner
Written by Kathrin Gloeckner

Anxiety is a normal emotion that everyone experiences from time to time. But when it starts to feel extreme and impacts your daily life, it may be an anxiety disorder. In this article, we’ll discuss what anxiety disorders are and how you can find help if you’re struggling with one. Keep reading to learn more!

Types of Anxiety Disorders

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Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health condition in the United States, affecting 40 million adults. That’s 18% of the population!

There are many different types of anxiety disorders, each with their own unique set of symptoms. The four most common types of anxiety disorders are:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This is characterized by chronic and excessive worry about a variety of topics, including finances, work, family, and health. People with GAD often feel like they can’t control their worry, and it interferes with their daily lives.

2. Panic Disorder: This is characterized by recurrent and unexpected panic attacks. A panic attack is a sudden surge of intense fear or anxiety that can come on without warning. Physical symptoms include heart palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, and trembling. Panic disorder can be extremely debilitating and often leads to avoidance of situations where an attack could occur.

3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): This is characterized by intense fear or anxiety about social situations, such as public speaking or meeting new people. Individuals with SAD frequently experience worries about being embarrassed or humiliated in social situations. As a result, they may avoid social interactions altogether or only participate in activities they feel comfortable with.

4. Specific Phobias: This is characterized by intense fear or anxiety triggered by specific objects or situations, such as heights, flying, snakes, or public speaking. People with phobias often go to great lengths to avoid their triggers, and fear or anxiety can interfere with their daily lives.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

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Anxiety disorders are characterized by several symptoms that can be broadly grouped into four categories:

1. Psychological symptoms: These include feeling anxious, tense, or scared; having a sense of impending danger, panic, or doom; feeling irritable or on edge; having difficulty concentrating; experiencing racing thoughts or intrusive thoughts; and feeling like you’re going crazy.

2. Physical symptoms: These include increased heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling, weakness, and fatigue. You may also experience stomach upset, dizziness, and hot flashes.

3. Behavioral symptoms: These include avoidance of activities that trigger anxiety, excessive need for reassurance, compulsions (rituals) to reduce anxiety, and difficulty sleeping.

4. Cognitive symptoms: These include negative thinking patterns such as catastrophizing (expecting the worst), all-or-nothing thinking (seeing things as black-and-white), and mind reading (assuming you know what others are thinking).

Causes of Anxiety Disorders

Various factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, and life events cause anxiety disorders.

  • Family history: If you have a family member with an anxiety disorder, you’re more likely to develop one yourself.
  • Brain chemistry: Imbalances in certain brain chemicals may contribute to anxiety disorders.
  • Life events: Traumatic or stressful events, such as exposure to violence, can trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment Options for Anxiety Disorders

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There are various treatment options available for anxiety disorders that healthcare professionals can customize according to the needs of each individual. The most common approach is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which focuses on helping the individual change the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to their anxiety. Other approaches include medication, relaxation techniques, and exposure therapy.

How to Find Support and Resources

If you or someone you know is struggling with anxiety, there are many resources available to help. Here are a few places to start:

  • The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is a great resource for information on anxiety disorders and their treatment.
  • The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) is another excellent resource for information and support.
  • The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) also offers support and education on anxiety disorders.

Your local library or bookstore likely has many books on anxiety and its treatment. A quick search online will also yield a wealth of articles, blog posts, and other resources.

If you’re feeling overwhelmed or need immediate help, don’t hesitate to reach out to a mental health professional. Therapy can be an incredibly helpful tool in managing anxiety.


Although anxiety disorders can be debilitating, individuals can manage them with appropriate help. We hope this article has helped you understand what anxiety disorders are, how to recognize the signs of an anxiety disorder in yourself or someone else, and how to seek professional help if needed. Remembering that no one should endure an anxiety disorder alone is crucial. Everyone affected by these conditions should access appropriate resources, as help is available.

About the author

Kathrin Gloeckner

Kathrin Gloeckner

Kathrin Gloeckner is an accomplished author and blogger known for her concise and impactful writing style. Specializing in personal growth and mindfulness, Kathrin shares practical insights and transformative ideas to inspire readers in their journey towards self-discovery and fulfillment. With her clear and concise approach, Kathrin empowers individuals to embrace positive change, cultivate inner peace, and lead meaningful lives. Through her writings, she aims to help others unlock their true potential and create a life of purpose and joy.

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